Legal Nature of Appeals in Polish Civil Proceedings


  • Tomasz Szanciło r, Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw, Judge of the Polish Supreme Court



Legal remedy, right to a court, devolution, vertical and horizontal complaints.


The analysis of the characteristic features of appeals in civil proceedings in Poland gives a way to the conclusion that the system of these measures is extensive. The proper regulation of legal remedies system is important to preserve the right to a court. This is determined by the characteristics of these remedies. The article discusses the most important features, thus, it can be concluded that inadequate regulation of legal remedies mostly concerns the decisions, as the legislator introduced a horizontal complaint (at the expense of the horizontal complaint) too broadly. In certain respects, this standardisation violates the principle of instantiation, which should be the rule




How to Cite

Szanciło, T. . (2024). Legal Nature of Appeals in Polish Civil Proceedings. ORBELIANI LAW REVIEW, 2(1).