JOURNAL "ORBELIANI" 2023-12-29T06:27:30+00:00 Open Journal Systems <p>Journal <em>Orbelian</em>i has been published by Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani University since 2019. The journal is a peer-reviewed, interdisciplinary, open access Journal and is published twice a year. The Journal covers the following disciplines: </p> <ul> <li>Theology and religious studies;</li> <li>Law;</li> <li>Business, Tourism and Economics;</li> <li>Social sciences;</li> </ul> <p>Since 2023 the Journal has been multilingual. The working languages are English, German, French Italian, and Greek;</p> <p>The Journal welcomes submissions as Original articles so translations from different languages, etc.</p> <p><strong>Journal DOI: <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"></a></strong></p> <p><strong>ISSN:</strong> 2667-9124</p> <p><strong>E-ISSN:</strong> 2720-8648</p> <p> </p> AUTOCEPHALY OF THE GEORGIAN CHURCH 2023-12-28T06:35:49+00:00 Vlasios Fidas Archimandrite Nikoloz Gongadze Davit Nebieridze <p>Vlasios Fidas, in his work “Autocephaly of the Georgian Church”, explores the history of the administrative structure of the Georgian (Iberian) Church and elucidates the process through which it attained autocephaly. The author comprehensively examines and explains significant historical events, which are crucial to understanding the journey of the Georgian Church towards autocephalous status. According to Fidas, the autocephaly of the Georgian Church holds particular relevance even now</p> 2023-12-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Vlasios Fidas; Archimandrite Nikoloz Gongadze, Davit Nebieridze LICENSING MUSICAL WORK FOR INCLUSION IN AUDIOVISUAL WORK 2023-12-28T06:49:44+00:00 Oliko Kobakhidze <p>Continuous expansion of the music industry has greatly increased the commercial aspect of music, which naturally leads to legislative changes. This article examines the positive results of the author’s creative endeavors, specifically musical and audiovisual works. The primary objective is to identify legal challenges related to the inclusion of a musical work in an audiovisual work, as well as practical and topical issues.&nbsp;<br>The paper focuses on the aspects of licensing of musical works, namely identifying persons (natural/legal) who can hold the right to a particular musical work and how licensing is done for inclusion in an audiovisual work as well as what is the important <br>factor that is necessary to determine the royalty for music synchronization.</p> 2023-12-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Oliko Kobakhidze COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE LAWS ON THE STATE LANGUAGE IN THE COUNTRIES OF THE SOUTH CAUCASUS 2023-12-28T07:03:50+00:00 Murman Gorgoshadze Levan Jakeli <p>All three states of the South Caucasus – Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Armenia are involved in the “European neighborhood policy”, which indicates their sharing of general European values and harmonization of current and future legislation with <br>the European legal system. From this point of view, their legislation on the state language is important since the state language is a means of impacting the realization of the principles of the communicative unity of the state, political consolidation, and <br>territorial integrity of the country.<br>Therefore, a comparative analysis of the development of the state language in the countries of the South Caucasus, linguistic sovereignty, human linguistic rights, and relations between the linguistic majority and the minority is relevant. The mentioned analysis will contribute to the mutual sharing of experience in the language policy of the South Caucasus countries.<br>The paper compares the state language legislation of Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Armenia, the title and status of the law, the date and structure of the law, the preamble, the constitutional status of the state language, mandatory knowledge of the state language, areas of use of the state language, types of languages, the language of education, protection of the state language.<br>The paper shows that the determination of the status of the state language is one of the central and important issues in the legal regulation of language relations, as it concerns not only the normative basis of language use in the state but also the <br>rights of speakers of this or that language (both individuals and ethnic groups).</p> 2023-12-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Murman Gorgoshadze, Levan Jakeli ROLE OF GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND SPATIAL ANALYSIS AND IN LAW 2023-12-28T07:27:19+00:00 Tornike Merebashvili <p>The paper overviews the evolution of cartography and geography within contemporary geoinformation systems, exploring their significance within legal frameworks. It scrutinizes how law and geography intertwine functionally, and how geographic elements impact the operations of law enforcement, investigative entities, property registry, and private industries.The article analyzes the need for geoinformatics systems for modern lawyers and fields of law, for which it is necessary</p> 2023-12-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Tornike Merebashvili A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE REALIZATION OF THE PRINCIPLES OF PEACE JOURNALISM IN THE MEDIA COVERAGE OF LOCAL AND INTERNATIONAL CONFLICTS (ON THE EXAMPLE OF GEORGIAN-LANGUAGE MEDIA RESEARCH) 2023-12-28T07:42:47+00:00 Guram Ananeishvili Maia Shamanauri <p>Based on research into contemporary Georgian media, the article aims to provide a critical understanding of the principles of peace journalism. Galtung and Ruge’s principles of peace journalism, based on research of Norwegian news media <br>coverage of conflicts in foreign countries and an important part of their critical understanding are built on a unified approach that considers all media as a kind of entity of homogeneous subjects and thus carries universal content, the lack of differentiation in mass media between local and international media working on the conflict case, as well as between covering local and international news, should have been a problem in implementing the principles. This should be expressed in the intensity with which some of the obligations contained in the principles are implemented, because the media’s ability to fulfill them would be essentially limited, depending on their various broadcasting spaces and audiences.<br>These principles, which were developed in the spirit of modernism, are likely to fluctuate in the modern media of the countries affected by the current conflict, just as they do in Georgia’s modern media. The synthetic content analysis of the cross-sectional content selection of three Georgian media outlets, as information agencies operating in a conflict-affected state examines the intensity of the implementation of the four principles of the concept of peace journalism and investigates the circumstances that facilitate or hinder the implementation of the specified principle.&nbsp;</p> 2023-12-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Guram Ananeishvili, Maia Shamanauri KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND BEHAVIOR OF PREGNANT WOMEN IN PREVENTING IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA 2023-12-28T07:53:48+00:00 Tengiz Verulava Inga Gogua <p>Anemia in pregnancy is a challenge in modern global health, especially in developing countries. The research aims to study knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of pregnant women to prevent iron deficiency anemia. Using qualitative research, a <br>survey of pregnant patients and gynecologists was conducted in several maternity homes in Tbilisi through a semi-structured in-depth interview. The study showed that almost all pregnant women had some knowledge about iron deficiency anemia. However, despite high awareness, most pregnant women are unaware of the causes and risk factors of anemia. Despite being aware of a healthy diet, the respondents did not follow a proper diet. Financial problems in order to buy food, also cultural and religious barriers were mentioned as one of the obstacles to healthy eating. Most pregnant women receive information about iron deficiency anemia from their family doctor, which suggests a limited role for the family doctor in preventing iron deficiency anemia. Despite some knowledge about anemia prevention, its prevalence remains high, indicating a weak link between anemia knowledge and healthy behavior. In order to solve the problem, more involvement of society and effective interventions of policymakers, improvement of disease prevention methods, more participation of family doctors, and improvement of state nutritional programs for pregnant women are needed.</p> 2023-12-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Tengiz Verulava, Inga Gogua STYLISTIC PECULIARITIES AND NON-STORY ELEMENTS CONCEPTS OF NOVEL “GUEST” BY GURAM GEGESHIDZE 2023-12-28T08:48:00+00:00 Ana Gogilashvili <p>The novel “Guest” is important because of the signs of magical realism, as the boundary between real and fictitious, existing and nonexisting world does not exist. The flow of the protagonist’s thoughts is like the characters of Marquez travels in the <br>labyrinth from one decade to another, the thoughts in his consciousness come as a flow, and the histories are replaced by one another, which are ignored by the reader. A strange feeling fell into him, as if, Tarkhuji is an unbalanced individual in time and space. <br>In the paragraph findings of Martin Dujardin and William James are used as a theoretical base to analyse the originality of the “flow of consciousness”. In the paper two kinds of associative natures of consciousness flow are separated: Random and fictional analysis dependant. An internal form of monologue existing in the story is assigned to the last one, which created the works. <br>In the mentioned novel in order to analyze the function of dreams the works of psychologist Sigmund Freud and fundamentalists of psychology Carl Gustav Jung are used in the paper. Also, the dissertation of specialist of Literature Ana Dolidze Psychosemiotic of Dream in Georgian fiction discourse. Herewith, the textbook of Nana Gafrindashvili and Mariam Miresashvili is used as a theoretical base: “Fundamentals of Literature”. Considering the above-mentioned textbook dream is illustrated as a nonthematic element in the paper that is used as an ideological content of the work and psychological description of a character. Based on the dissertation of Ana Dolidze in which a prophetic dream is illustrated as a characteristic of a modernistic story, the article’s function of dream is discussed as another proof confirming that the modernistic ecbasis and tendencies of novel “Guest” is striking. In the paper prophetic dream is discussed based on the example of Tarkhuji’s dream being on the verge of committing suicide.</p> 2023-12-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ana Gogilashvili THE IMPACT OF ONLINE EDUCATION ON ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE (EFL) TEACHERS’ PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN GEORGIA 2023-12-28T08:55:17+00:00 Shorena Gogiashvili Teona Khachidze <p>The article aims to assess the impact of online education on English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers’ professional development in Georgia. 50 teachers from educational institutions including schools and universities located in three Georgian cities – Tbilisi, Kutaisi, and Batumi participated in the quantitative research. A 5-point Likert scale questionnaire was used to answer the following research questions: 1. To what extent do EFL teachers in Georgia agree that online education has positively impacted their professional development? 2. In what ways has online education influenced EFL teachers’ professional development in Georgia? <br>3. What are the perceptions of EFL teachers in Georgia regarding the effectiveness of online professional development opportunities compared to traditional one? 4. To what extent are EFL teachers in Georgia satisfied with the level of support and resources provided for online professional development? The results showed that the teachers positively evaluated the impact of online education on their professional development and the importance of online professional education, however, they are not satisfied with the level of support and resources provided to EFL teachers in Georgia for online professional development. The article might be interesting for researchers working on the topic.</p> 2023-12-27T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Shorena Gogiashvili, Teona Khachidze