Some Aspects of the Historical Connection between Traditional Hydrothermal Public Baths and the Modern Spa Industry


  • Gigi Kuparadze Grigol Robakidze University, Georgia; Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani University, Georgia
  • Niko Kvaratskhelia Saint Andrew the First-Called Georgian University of Patriarchate of Georgia, Georgia.



Health Tourism, Wellness, Spa Industry, Hydrothermal Spa Treatments


The volume of wellness tourism in the world was rated at 639.4 billion US dollars in 2017. This is one of the fastest-growing segments in tourism, and it grew by 6.5% annually from 2015 to 2017. In 2017, 830 million wellness trips were made, which is 139 million more than in 2015. Throughout the millennia, numerous different cultures have used the power of water and warmth for cleanliness and treating their ills. In ancient times, both water and warmth were considered luxuries and were scarcely available.
On the outskirts of Dzalisa village in Georgia, an ancient settlement was found, where a bath made with hewn stones was discovered within part of a palace complex. The Roman-type bath was constructed at the beginning of the 3rd century and consisted of three sections, with cold, warm and hot water tubs, and a well-preserved heating hypocaust system. The floors of the cold and warm baths and the dressing room were covered with mosaics. The origin of Roman thermal baths, Turkish hamams, Finnish saunas,
Japanese onsens, and other hydrothermal spa procedures led to the custom of body cleaning and cleansing. Today, however, the health and aesthetic benefits of hydrothermal bathing are more widely recognized. In recent years, medical scientists have been researching the effect of cold action on high temperatures and the body, and have determined that a key benefit of such a temperature change is detoxification. Body heat and sweating rid the body of toxins, and the extreme change in temperature improves blood circulation and gives a positive boost to organism function.


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How to Cite

Kuparadze, G. ., & Kvaratskhelia, N. . (2024). Some Aspects of the Historical Connection between Traditional Hydrothermal Public Baths and the Modern Spa Industry. THE JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES, 3(3).